Map of Georgia under Queen Tamar. Image Credit: WikiCommons.

The modern day country of Georgia has been the site of several kingdoms over the last two thousand years. Several Georgian stated unified under Christianity after the fall of the Roman Empire, however it was during the 11th-13th centuries that Georgia reached its peak as a kingdom. The kingdom declined as it was repeatedly besieged and fell under the rule of the Mongols, Timurids, Ottomans, and Persians. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Georgia was annexed by the Russian Empire. It sought independence post-World War One, however was again annexed in 1922 by the Soviet Union. With the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, Georgia again emerged as an independent state. It is in continued dispute with Russia over its territory.

You can find out more about some of the fascinating women who ruled Georgia below!


Braund, David. Georgia in Antiquity: A History of Colchis and Transcaucasian Iberia 550 BC–AD 562. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1994

Eastmond, Antony. Royal Imagery in Medieval Georgia. Pennsylvania: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1998

Lang, David M. The last years of the Georgian Monarchy: 1658–1832. New York:Columbia University Press, 1957.

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